IoT and 5G: A Perfect Match?

5G and IoT—a match made in technology heaven. Match or codependent enabler? However it’s defined, 5G is the key enabler for IoT technology success. IoT connectivity is not useful when networks cannot deliver reliable, high-speed access. The 5G wireless network fulfills the high communication level requirements demanded by an ever-expanding array of IoT connected devices.

IoT devices are designed to connect everyday objects like televisions, computers, cell phones, and home appliances. IoT enables connectivity so devices can be controlled automatically using sensors that constantly relay information to servers so consumers can remotely or automatically control smart IoT devices. Servers continuously analyze data and determine the appropriate action. For example, if a person has left their furnace off and the temperature drops below freezing, users can access their smart IoT furnace using an app on their cell phone to set the temperature. Once the server processes the message, the furnace system is updated and reset to heat.

IoT technology enables quick and remote response for consumers and emergency responders—including police, fire, and military needs. Critical operation support using IoT connected devices enables both a fast and accurate response. 5G enables IoT to create new business opportunities, new connected devices and services, and it powers the growth of security related organizations. IoT is the future, and 5G can make it happen effectively, securely, and reliably.

Key Takeaways

  • What is IoT technology?
  • How does 5G enable IoT?
  • Learn how 5G technology empowers IoT growth and use expansion.
  • Discover the features of 5G that enable improved IoT.
  • What about data security and privacy?
  • Find out the benefits that 5G and IoT provide for consumers and businesses.

This guide describes how the features of 5G enable the future of IoT technology for consumers and businesses, as well as the impact on data security and privacy for users.

What is IoT Technology?

IoT is not a single technology used alone, but a group of integrated technologies used for interconnected communication. IoT technology includes specific features that allow devices to provide services to private and business consumers.

Characteristics of IoT include:

  • Interconnectivity between both virtual and physical objects
  • Things-related service where function depends on the connected device
  • Heterogeneity or the ability to connect devices regardless of platform, hardware, or software differences
  • Dynamic change management by different objects or keeping connectivity when devices are in various status states

Examples of IoT technology for private consumers include smart appliances, self-driving, autonomous or partially autonomous cars, refrigerators that make grocery lists, and thermostats that respond to outdoor temperatures and change settings as needed. From a cell phone to a car to a home appliance, users can control interconnected devices from anywhere with connectivity.

For businesses, IoT means M2M (machine to machine) communication and interaction. Robots and manufacturing equipment that not only measure their service but respond to each other via connected messaging systems and sensors. For example, smart meters for utility services save both time and costs as the data uploads automatically without an employee having to physically drive to each location and read meter values. Currently, many restaurant businesses operate remotely controlled or autonomous meal delivery vehicles.

For government agencies and municipalities, IoT connected devices maintain traffic flow management and measure sewer levels and environmental pollution. Smart grids are popular to manage energy consumption and understand power needs and outages. Are you sensing “big brother” from George Orwell’s famous novel 1984? As IoT expands its reach, controlling and monitoring everything with sensors and data communication remotely is a reality.

How Does 5G Enable IoT?

5G provides fast, stable, and secure connectivity for IoT. 5G is the ground floor or operating network that can power IoT growth and technology effectiveness. 5G networks allow for multiple connected devices creating an IoT ecosystem that enables high performance, low latency, and reduced costs to operate.

5G enables and empowers IoT by:

  • Using small cells to transfer large amounts of data faster
  • Reducing overall power usage
  • Speeding up transmission with less latency
  • Enabling the ability to implement virtual networks or network slicing to create specific channels for critical use needs (fire, police, emergency, and military)
  • Allowing multiple connected devices

How Does 5G Fuel IoT Growth and Expansion?

The most significant fuel 5G gives IoT expansion is network slicing. Network slicing creates subnets that provide connectivity for specific needs. Device connections can be prioritized and those with high priority are processed regardless of network load. Businesses serving emergency responders and military groups can create apps and device connections that enhance public safety and the safety of personnel.

Businesses increase process automation internally and on factory floors. M2M communication helps in reducing costs and improving product quality. AI and ML systems enable more effective communication between humans and machines that help businesses better serve customers. Factory floor and manufacturing businesses can expand IoT use to monitor product health during creation and shipping.

The network speed and low latency of the 5G network enable the growth and expand the usage of IoT. The ability to ensure coverage in every corner of the factory, office, warehouse, or any building is essential for ensuring IoT connectivity. A HetNet design platform such as DASCAD is invaluable for studying the coverage needed in any building and developing an effective design for implementation.

What About Data Security and Privacy?

5G networks are secure, using a variety of methods that are continuously being updated to meet the current need. The security issue with IoT comes from the diversity of connected devices and their inherent platforms and hardware. Not only does the cyber-attack surface expand with each connection and device, but so does the difficulty of securing the messaging from device to server.

There are effective security methods in place, but there are at least four significant concerns:

  • Device compatibility differences
  • A constant need for monitoring
  • Ongoing security upgrades and changes
  • Remote server security

Providing effective security that’s compatible between the vast and uncontrolled variety of devices is complex. Add to that the types of communication used by each device and the remote server adds to the vast problem of securing IoT communications.

Network security for remote servers exists in many forms and has a constant need for security monitoring and upgrades. Keeping up with new security issues alone is a complicated task but keeping up with device, communication, and network security needs is time-consuming and mission critical for consumers, businesses, and government agencies.

IoT enables the extension of security threats into the physical domain. So, not only the computer or technology side but the human side. For example, security threats that disable life-sustaining devices in hospitals, take over the operation of a car, or damage property such as homes, offices, and buildings.

The scope of the IoT security threat propels the security business. In the coming years, to support the number of IoT connections supported by 5G, security technology will have to improve. New security protocols and types will need to be devised to ensure public safety in an IoT world. A security related business boom is already actively in play and growing fast.

Benefits of a 5G Supported IoT Technology

The benefits of a 5G enabled IoT ecosystem are vast. IoT for private consumers allows for saving significant time and money. IoT provides convenience for consumers, allowing them to manage life tasks from a smartphone. Additionally, service appointments for furnaces or other home appliances can be scheduled by the device and added to your calendar. It’s like communicating directly with appliances to ensure the appointment time works for you. IoT devices take over the mundane, time-consuming acts of managing a life. Need groceries? A smart refrigerator texts a shopping list. Amazon Alexa places orders for consumers without intervention.

Think about autonomous cars. An autonomous car can drive the family to a vacation spot by simply programming in the location. Family members can rest, sleep, or watch the scenery going by without worrying about managing traffic. Need gas? The car pulls over as requested. Had too much to drink? No longer are drunk drivers a danger to others, an autonomous car delivers them home without endangering others.

Other benefits of 5G empowered IoT are scalability across business operations, improved M2M communication, and reduced operating costs. IoT connected devices manage office environments by turning off lights and utilities when not needed. Companies save money and reduce their energy use with IoT devices fully powered by the speed and reliability of a 5G network.

M2M communication improvements are based on the speed and reliability of the 5G connection. Fewer communication interruptions result in a more consistent and accurate communication sequence between machines. The smoother the workflow, the higher the productivity and quality.

The speed, low latency, and reliability of 5G combined with unlimited device connectivity enables the growth of a resilient, secure, IoT network of connected communication. IoT devices provide connectivity between the cyber and physical worlds for humans and machines. Security businesses will thrive as the industry works to manage the security concerns for the growing number of remote IoT connections and device types.

5G saves on energy use that will power environmental recovery. Enabling IoT technology with 5G capabilities ensures humanity thrives personally and in business while rebuilding the environment that we all call home. Imagine the possibilities! 5G and IoT may be the match that keeps the world moving along and communicating both effectively and reliably regardless of location.

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Why is Cellular Coverage Essential for Public Safety?

Cellular coverage is essential for public safety because first responders need to be able to send and receive crucial data and communicate during emergencies. Public safety responders use smartphones and other connected devices to better communicate and manage police, fire, and EMT operations during emergency calls ranging from traffic accidents to ambulance calls. The cell phone is a primary communication method for a growing number of people. The ease of use, convenience, and ability to communicate quickly make cell phones a popular choice for the public as well as for emergency use.

Cellular connectivity provides real-time data to communication abilities that are needed in critical situations. A firefighter doesn’t need a cell phone to fight fires, but they need them to communicate on procedures and plans of attack so they can respond quickly and effectively.

Communication speed and accuracy are key to saving lives. For example, searching for survivors of hurricanes, tornados, wildfires, or other natural disasters requires a coordinated response between police, fire, and EMT first responders. First responders may also need to communicate with military personnel when called in to assist. The ability to communicate accurately and quickly saves lives and enables a more effective emergency response.

That said, there are issues with cell service reliability and coverage, especially within structures or buildings and in the remote outdoors. Communication networks tend to fail during heavy use or when emergencies occur in these locations.

What are the solutions to ensure quality, reliable cell coverage for public safety? How can new technology help ensure emergency personnel can communicate effectively and save lives? How can we ensure emergency responders can access and communicate reliably regardless of location?

Key Takeaways

  • Why is cellular coverage critical for public safety?
  • How do first responders use smartphones and connected devices?
  • What is Public Safety DAS?
  • Discover the importance of DAS or in-building wireless coverage.
  • Learn the frequencies reserved for first responders and why they’re needed.
  • Find out how boosting connectivity improves safety inside buildings and in outdoor spaces.
  • Learn how 5G helps improve public safety communication systems.

This guide describes the current state of cellular communication for public safety and its unique communication needs including extended coverage indoors as well as outdoors, and the technology being used to improve cellular coverage and reliability.

Why is Cellular Coverage Critical for Public Safety?

Smartphones and connected devices are used by nearly everyone for work and personal communication. The convenience of the device size and the connection speed make connected devices perfect for communicating with friends, family, and the workplace. Similarly, emergency responders use smartphones and connected devices to communicate with a central hub, each other, and between agencies during emergency situations.

The speed of smartphones enables police, fire, and EMTs to respond faster and communicate easier with each other. However, cellular coverage in buildings and remote outdoor locations is often unreliable where it even exists. 65% of first responders experienced a communication failure inside a building or structure during an emergency response.

The inability to communicate effectively with command centers, each other, or support personnel makes managing a critical situation more difficult. Cellular coverage is critical for emergency personnel to better manage emergencies of any size, indoors or out.

What is Public Safety DAS?

Public Safety DAS provides comprehensive coverage within 90% of a structure with 99% coverage of critical areas for emergency responders’ use only. DAS stands for distributed antenna systems and they are installed within a building to boost cellular signals and enable them to reach indoors. They are often combined with Commercial Cellular DAS which provides cell service coverage throughout a building as well as adding in additional capacity for smartphone communication.

The advantages of installing both systems in building structures include:

  • Both systems can accommodate the inherent interaction between cellular service and public safety needs.
  • The systems manage wavelengths for various bands and frequencies to ensure service coverage for emergency responders.
  • Less expensive to install together as a single cellular coverage system.

For public safety, every building must include a working Commercial Cellular DAS and Public Safety DAS system. Having both systems ensures cellular coverage during an emergency throughout the building so communication is not lost or restricted. Effective cellular coverage ensures the communications needs are met for first responders attempting to respond to an emergency. Communication saves the lives of first responders and the public.

Building codes must be updated and enforced to include full structure cellular coverage. Within the United States, 95% of the public owns a cell phone to use for personal, work, and emergency use. The ability to connect to reliable cell service is a necessity both for the public and for all emergency responders and emergency response organizations.

What about emergencies that occur outdoors? Currently, cellular communication is unreliable in many national parks and other remote outdoor locations. When emergencies occur, first responders are forced to use radio communication in areas where cellular coverage is sparse or non-existent. The US Government has been pushing cell providers to increase coverage in remote and underserved areas. Such increased coverage helps to ensure public safety by enabling effective and fast cellular communication.

Consider the outdoor mass shooting events that have occurred at concerts or other outdoor locations in the past 5 years. Without the ability to effectively communicate, public safety is at risk. Providing the ability for emergency responders to communicate effectively, rapidly, and reliably is key to managing outdoor public safety emergencies.

How Boosting Connectivity Improves Public Safety Inside Buildings and Outdoors

Boosting cellular connectivity means increased cellular coverage both for public and emergency use. Boosting connectivity alone won’t solve the public safety communication problem. Public safety networks must be exclusive and accessible for first responders and emergency agency officials. For this reason, there are reserved frequencies available only for public safety use.

Public safety reserved frequencies are in the range of 30MHz-150MHz, 450MHz, and 800MHz, lower VHF bands, and tactical frequencies.

Boosting cellular coverage throughout buildings and outdoors improves both the public’s and the emergency responders’ ability to communicate rapidly when managing an emergency event.

Solutions to Improve Cellular Coverage

Several commercial providers have deployed NPSBN (Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network) like FirstNet. FirstNet provides cellular coverage to increase public safety. AT&T was the first provider to enable the use of their cellular bands to provide the FirstNet service exclusively to emergency responders. Emergency responder exclusive cellular access helps to ensure first responders have fast and reliable connectivity to better manage emergencies.

Exclusive networks like FirstNet are important to ensuring first responders aren’t trying to communicate over a crowded network. Speed is critical to effective emergency response and response management.

The US Government continues to expand cellular coverage in both remote and underserved areas. The development of signals that are strong enough to function within buildings as well as outdoors is key. 5G wireless helps to achieve reliable connectivity regardless of location and multiple networks continue to expand coverage across the US. 5G will improve public safety as it expands across the US.

How Does 5G Improve Public Safety Communication Systems?

5G creates a whole new category of tools to provide high-speed connectivity with lower latency regardless of location. Using 5G, existing DAS systems improve coverage within existing and newly constructed buildings. 5G also provides connectivity between public safety communications and first responder radio networks, allowing for increased, synchronized communication across channels.

5G enables advances in the public safety sector, including life-saving apps, real-time drone surveillance, enhanced vision systems useful during fires, and crisis negotiation or bomb investigating robots.

Faster communication enables quick emergency response times regardless of location as well as the ability to call 911 on a cellular phone without special processes or instructions. 5G improves emergency response and public safety while enabling efficient and reliable communication channels for emergency responders and the public.

Public safety in the cellular age requires effective, widespread cell coverage. Effective cell coverage is critical for providing a timely and effective response to emergencies, regardless of location. Without reliable cell coverage, communications between emergency responders are less effective and more time-consuming.

Smartphones and connected devices provide mobile access for everyone but are especially useful for communicating and managing emergency situations. Devices and apps require connectivity to work reliably both inside buildings as well as outdoors and in remote locations.

Buildings often have dead zones or reduce the effectiveness of cellular signals. The importance of installing Public Safety DAS and Commercial DAS antenna systems helps to extend coverage within buildings so all areas are reachable, including stairwells, basements, and rooms without windows. Emergency responders require exclusive channels that are always on and accessible.

The continued expansion of 5G wireless will increase public safety by creating exclusive networks for emergency providers that work within buildings and outdoors, regardless of location. The ability to communicate rapidly and reliably is key to keeping first responders safe and able to provide emergency response services. Both the public and first responders win with increased cellular service connectivity and reliability both indoors and out.

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10 Things You Need to Know About 5G

5G means the 5th generation or the latest mobile wireless network technology generation. 5G replaces 4G, LTE, and earlier systems with significant improvements in security, speed, latency reduction, technology innovation support, and the ability to reach nearly everyone regardless of location.

5G networks will account for more than one-fifth of total mobile connectivity worldwide by 2025 and reach a greater number of people globally. 5G wireless network technology can be provided as a modern home or business internet, delivering a convenient, less expensive mobile solution that provides greater reliability, security, and speed.

For businesses, 5G networks provide faster speeds making work more productive. Greater reliability means less downtime and reduced costs of network support. 5G enables business connectivity in more locations and increases the ability to work on the go from anywhere. Improvements in artificial intelligence (AI), virtual reality (VR), and Augmented Reality (AR) will provide increased business opportunities from development to delivering accurate, engaging online training and business operations management.

Key Takeaways

  • What are 10 things to know about 5G?
  • What are the advantages of 5G?
  • Are there disadvantages to 5G?
  • Is 5G secure?
  • Learn how 5G impacts business innovation and growth.
  • Discover how 5G enables edge computing and improved customer experience.

This guide provides information on ten advantages, disadvantages, and opportunities created by 5G networks for individuals and businesses based on 5G’s low latency, high speed, and reliable connectivity.

10 Things You Need to Know About 5G

5G provides advantages to both businesses and individuals including:

  1. Increased access to remote or previously underserved locations
  2. Increased reliability and bandwidth
  3. Faster connection speeds
  4. Ability to use multiple devices on the same network with higher performance
  5. Enhanced data transfer, upload, and download performance
  6. The ability for businesses to leverage edge computing
  7. Data security and privacy improvements over previous mobile networks
  8. Improved use of AR, AI, and VR technology
  9. Opportunity expansion in the development of AR, AI, and VR technology
  10. Growth in the 5G security market to manage future security threats

What Are the Advantages of 5G?

For individuals or private consumers, the benefit of 5G is access. Access to a reliable, high-speed, and secured mobile network. Previously underserved areas within cities, suburbs, and rural and agricultural zones can experience useful, lower cost, and productive internet access using 5G.

Access to reliable, high-speed internet is crucial for individuals working remotely and those in need of services such as education, public safety, transportation, or employment. Access opens additional opportunities for employment or operating a small business.

Mobile-dependent users with 5G can participate fully in the global digital economy where cell phones and tablets are the primary means of accessing the internet. 5G represents an increased economic opportunity for everyone regardless of their location.

Individuals with 5G can take advantage of smart technology devices. Smart tech home devices such as thermostats, furnaces, and refrigerators can be used effectively. In the same manner, cities or locations with 5G access can deploy adaptive energy-saving street and park lighting. Reduced costs to manage and the ability to manage services remotely are significant advantages of 5G.

5G benefits businesses in similar ways. Access to reliable, high-speed internet at expanded locales means the ability to offer remote working, or open remote field offices, and remain productive. Additionally, for the manufacturing and retail sectors smart technology offers solutions for cost-effective inventory management, shipping, and inventory tracking.

Telemedicine access assists health providers in providing safer, accurate patient care from anywhere. Imagine having a specialist assist in a life-saving surgery remotely when time is critical. 5G provides the means for integrated, secure, and reliable connectivity.

5G provides the base to grow technology; especially in the AI, VR, and AR space. Technological advancements in these areas help businesses reduce costs while providing top-of-the-line customer service, training, employment, and business management. Video conferencing improvements and data sharing activities also improve under 5G with its reduced latency and ability to transfer larger amounts of data including large image files.

The 5G network enables businesses to create expanded networks using edge computing. Edge computing assists in processing data at points closer to the customer. Edge data processing increases website and app performance and increases end-user satisfaction. Additionally, customer service centers using 5G can better manage workflow automation, AI, AR, and VR to better serve customers. Customer self-service portals, as well as chatbots and other technology, perform more consistently on a stable, more reliable 5G network.

Other advantages of 5G include:

What Are the Disadvantages of 5G?

5G takes time to deploy over a wide area. Additional transmitters are required when compared to 4G, so all transmission sites require upgrading. On top of the upgrades, many areas require additional tower construction in sometimes difficult geographical locations. The process of upgrading and constructing towers is both time-consuming and expensive.

5G also decentralizes security. 5G’s increased dynamic software system involves more data transfer and traffic routing points. Every point represents a potential weakness in the network. Security is an ongoing issue and point of concern for all network technology. 5G expands the need for improvements in network security to protect and monitor larger amounts of data in transfer and storage.

Other disadvantages of 5G include:

  • Device replacement for devices incapable of working with 5G
  • Initial higher cost for 5G devices
  • Lack of encryption early in the connection process reveals device information for IoT (Internet of things) hacking attacks

In 2022, the cost of 5G devices has normalized due to the rapid expansion of the network. Network security improvements are ongoing as the network expands so do the security standards and requirements for operation.

Is 5G secure?

The global 5G security market will reach 10.5 billion by 2027. 5G growth is a boom for network security, IoT, software, and technology businesses.

Currently, 5G is secured using subscription authentication, UE authorization, and access and serving network authorization. Additionally, user and signaling data integrity is used to ensure secure interoperability between connected networks. Data security and privacy remain a concern as the network expands and moves more data. 5G supports gNB encryption to secure user data in transit as well as for signaling radio resource control.

5G includes security in the current design. However, as with most technology, there is an ongoing and critical need to manage and monitor new threats.

5G network security is an improvement in securing data, device, and user data when compared to 4G/3G/2G networks. 5G is secured, but security improvements to identify, monitor, and manage threats are an ongoing requirement. The need for security management will drive a boom in the 5G security market.

How Does 5G Impact Business Innovation & Growth

5G expands business opportunities in the AI, VR, and AR space. Providing cost-effective, business management options for manufacturers, entertainment, and other business sectors will continue to grow. Solutions are aimed at improving inventory management and tracking, shipping, office management, sales, robotics, streaming video options, and gaming, to name a few. Additionally, 5G promises to create more business opportunities in the smart device and sensor market.

Business operations benefit from 5G technology with its eMBB (extreme mobile broadband), higher speed internet connectivity, and larger bandwidth. The reduced latency makes eMTC (massive machine type communication) function reliably and in near real-time speed. Using 5G, businesses can reduce costs by decreasing overall power consumption. At the same time, businesses can expand to remote office locations as well as offer remote working options that increase employee productivity.

Other business growth opportunities include:

  • Security business growth for improved security protections
  • Remote employee access or the ability to work on the go from nearly anywhere

Customer service options expand with a 5G network including customer self-service portals. The ability to fully use AI, VR, and AR technology assists in building a positive customer experience. Better customer experience results in revenue growth and longer-term customer retention. 5G enables the use of edge computing practices that further increase data transfer performance across the network.

The ability to use 5G in remote areas that were previously underserved benefits both businesses and individuals. Access to quality internet connectivity improves opportunities for employment, access to medical services, emergency services, and the digital world. Access to a secure digital world expands the opportunity to experience a world of opportunity with increased reliability and less interruption.

Although 5G is designed with the latest security advances in place, the increase in data creation, transfer, and storage increase the points of possible attacks. As with all technology, security practices and monitoring will require constant improvement. Ensuring data security and privacy for customers and businesses will continue to be a challenge.

Last but not least, the environment benefits with 5G energy saving abilities. Upgrading existing towers where possible and offering smaller battery sizes with greater efficiency help to reduce the network’s overall carbon footprint. 5G is the network for building a greener, more secure, faster, and equal-access future.

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What is CBRS?

CBRS stands for the Citizen Broadband Radio Service spectrum-sharing model. CBRS allows various devices to share the same spectrum band. This spectrum-sharing model makes CBRS uniquely able to offer users the ability to access a shared spectrum at different times and locations.

Spectrum-sharing increases the efficiency of the broadband radio spectrum and allows it to work in areas with low, weak, or non-existent coverage. For example, CBRS can help rural areas access reliable coverage.

The growth of spectrum sharing also allows for increased innovation within the wireless industry, as new and established companies can now offer a larger variety of services to consumers anywhere within the US. This is possible because spectrum sharing optimizes the use of existing airwaves or wireless communication channels. Users can safely and securely share the same frequency bands with improved quality and speed and reduced interference.

According to the Communications Technology Laboratory (CTL) supported by NIST, spectrum sharing is necessary because of overcrowded airwaves. The spread of smartphones, the rise of the Internet of Things, advancements in military communication systems and public safety communications, and the use of wearable devices all combine to hamper an overused group of wireless radio bands. Worst case, this constant load and interference may interrupt critical services for public safety or military response.

Key Takeaways

  • What is CBRS?
  • What is Spectrum Access System (SAS) and how does it impact CBRS?
  • Why is a shared spectrum necessary?
  • How does CBRS work?
  • Discover the advantages and disadvantages of CBRS
  • Learn how CBRS expands access to wireless connectivity
  • Find out how CBRS technology enables innovation and competition in the wireless space

This guide provides information on all aspects of CBRS, including its impact on wireless connectivity innovation and functionality.

What is CBRS?

CBRS operates in the 3.5 GHz band currently used by the US military, satellite providers, and other commercial users. The CBRS band partitions are as below:

Starting in 2015, the FCC commission adopted rules for shared commercial use of the 3.5 GHz band, beginning the CBRS service with a three-tiered access and authorization framework. The secured framework enables the band to also offer non-federal usages.

Here are the basics of CBRS that you need to know:

  • Operates in the 3.5GHz band
  • Standard LTE (Long-Term Evolution) radio interface
  • Voice, data, and text communication support
  • Indoor, unlicensed small cell service
  • Requires SAS to manage connections and interference

Who Uses CBRS and How Does it Work?

CBRS is the power behind carriers offering extended range 5G and LTE mobile and internet services, including Verizon, T-Mobile, and Xfinity to name a few. Any carrier which needs to extend their 4G LTE and 5G network capacity can buy into the CBRS spectrum.

But CBRS isn’t restricted to just commercial carriers. Even individual companies wanting to manage their own networks can get access to CBRS. For example, building management companies that need to communicate with on-site device users or manufacturing companies that need to communicate and control factory robots can use CBRS. The system works both indoors and out, so there’s less restriction on bandwidth access.

Connection providers plan to use CBRS to replace fiber access and deliver wireless service to point and multipoint connections. CBRS may be used for IoT connectivity, as a replacement for Wi-Fi, or even as a supplementary connection service to boost access to coverage. The beauty of CBRS for users looking for strong connectivity is deployment simplicity combined with higher quality and faster connection speeds.

The shared spectrum concept within CBRS opens new channels for improved communication both for high and lower-priority users. Sharing enables critical systems for public safety and military actions to function unencumbered by individual and business connectivity uses.

What is Spectrum Access System (SAS) and How Does it Impact CBRS?

SAS (Spectrum Access System) is the new technology that powers CBRS. SAS uses artificial intelligence to detect spectrum usage and manages interference within channels. CBRS offers significant advantages over existing connection systems including cable, fiber optic, and broadband.

The SAS system is a cloud-based service that allows wireless communication management of devices transmitting within the CBRS band. The SAS controls and prevents harmful interference to high-priority users of the band. To transmit within the CBRS band, companies and organizations require SAS authorization.

Here’s how the process works when a CBRS device (also known as a CBSD) seeks access to the band:

CBSDs register with the SAS administrator and then receive a unique identifier. The administrator grants the CBSD an available location and installation characteristics. CBSDs then request a grant for a portion of the band to use. When approved for the grant, the CBSD begins transmission within their assigned area of the band.

The SAS system protects high-priority users from interference by using a sensor network to detect when high-priority users are using the spectrum. For example, one high-priority user is the US Navy. When the US Navy transmits within the spectrum, their transmissions receive priority over other registered band users. Essentially, the SAS controls and manages transmissions within the band and allocates usage based on the registered user’s priority status.

Advantages and Disadvantages of CBRS

There are many advantages of the CBRS spectrum. Carriers using CBRS can reach and attract additional customers who are out of the range of other providers. More customers equal more business revenue. Additionally, carriers can improve their customer experience by providing connectivity with higher speeds and less downtime, and fewer connection interruptions. As mobile network demand continues to increase, the CBRS spectrum may become the lifeblood of a mobile network provider.

CBRS makes private LTE wireless networks economically and technically feasible. Additionally, the performance of CBRS is generally significantly higher than Wi-Fi. The CBRS spectrum can maintain connections at -120dBm with increased coverage area per radio. In other words, carriers don’t need to manage additional cabling and switching infrastructure when using CBRS. Less infrastructure management means a greater return on investment for providing connectivity to users previously out of range.

The CBRS-based LTE network enables better roaming management for connected devices. The CBRS system manages roaming instead of the device itself. By managing device roaming capability, the performance of business-critical applications that require real-time response time increases. Additionally, users have a lower risk of dropped connections and have better performing and more reliable emergency communication options.

Because SAS administrators manage interference on the band, businesses can deploy mission-critical devices using a private wireless spectrum without negative impact from external sources of interference.

Similarly, the CBRS private mobile networks can offer service level objective metrics for minimum throughput, maximum latency, jitter, and maximum packer error rate using a standard, rather than a randomly accessible, system based on each user’s device.

Other advantages to using the CBRS spectrum include:

  • Reduced dependency on MVNO (cable) networks
  • Improved connectivity access for businesses in rural and suburban areas
  • Reduced dependency on fixed wireless access systems (broadband)
  • Increased innovation and growth within the wireless provider business space

Disadvantages of CBRS include:

  • Interference management may impact connectivity access and speed
  • Connectivity speed deteriorates the further the user is from a base station
  • The high cost of the PAL tier may impact provider competition

Examples of CBRS in Use Today

One of the most popular uses for CBRS today is enabling broadband internet and cellular providers to better reach rural communities. In the United States, this has helped rural communities access more reliable internet connections. Perhaps most importantly, because CBRS is an established technology, providers are able to launch these new connectivity projects relatively quickly and cost-effectively.

Other projects that have incorporated CBRS include connectivity upgrades and improvements at locations including shopping malls, airports, and even local municipalities. In one case, the entire city of McAllen, Texas, partnered with a network provider to launch a CBRS wireless network to provide internet access to all its residents.

CBRS: Connectivity for the Future

CBRS enables increased access to connectivity speeds that make using the internet easier, particularly for users outside of major cities. Customers in rural and suburban areas have long suffered from a lack of providers and inadequate connection service. With an increase in innovation made possible by the CBRS spectrum, both business and individual users benefit.

The SAS administrator system ensures both the security of and access to the CBRS band. Using SAS to manage interference and transmission activity allows for the US military and other high-priority users to use connections without interruption while providing shared access to all.

Opening the CBRS spectrum to shared access improves communication access to additional users while increasing business innovation and revenue growth. Additionally, the end-user experience improves with faster and more reliable connections.

The next generation of apps created using the support of improved wireless technology that improves reliability, availability, and quality will make businesses better able to invest and grow their networks and products with less expense overall.

Planning and launching a CBRS project don’t have to be overly complex. Because the technology is well-supported, providers can launch networks relatively easily. And with the support of network experts like ATEC, CBRS is within reach of businesses of every size.

The future looks bright within the CBRS spectrum band for both individuals and businesses. Find out how this technology can help you connect today.

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The Challenges of Implementing 5G

5G is now a commercial reality, with adoption of the new standard forecast to grow rapidly in the coming years. The key features of 5G are its high data rate, low latency, energy efficiency, scalability, and enhanced mobility.

One of the most exciting aspects of 5G is its potential to enable new use cases and applications that go beyond telecommunications. These new industries will become huge customers for communication service providers (CSPs). For example, 5G is expected to provide a major boost to autonomous vehicles and vehicle-to-vehicle applications. 5G can provide the high bandwidth and low latency necessary for these applications while also being much more power-efficient than earlier generations of cellular technology. In addition, 5G is expected to transform the way the devices that make up the Internet of Things communicate with each other and with other devices on the network. Also, by providing high-quality, real-time video streaming, 5G could enable augmented reality applications that would enhance the smart city phenomenon.

However, as 5G technology continues to evolve, so does the list of challenges that CSPs must address to bring this next-generation wireless technology to market. Perhaps the most daunting task for carriers is building out the complex and dense networks required by 5G. In addition, keeping operating and maintenance costs low is essential for success in the 5G era. Low latency requirements are also a key consideration, as is dealing with new security issues that have arisen with the advent of 5G.

This blog will take a closer look at these challenges.

Network Architecture

As we’ve all heard, 5G promises a lot. But to achieve these goals, 5G networks need to be very different from previous networks. They are dense and complex, with many small cells spread throughout the coverage area. And they require new types of radio equipment, which are more expensive and harder to maintain than the equipment used in previous networks.

One of the telecom engineer’s main challenges is designing and building the Radio Access Network (RAN). The RAN connects mobile devices to a core network, and it must do so quickly and without interruption. To accomplish this, the RAN must have a large capacity and be able to handle a large amount of traffic.

Densification of the network is a common theme across the industry. This refers to the concept of increasing the number of transceivers (radios) per unit area. The main reason for this is that as data speeds increase and users demand more bandwidth, it becomes necessary to have more base station sites which are near the user’s equipment (mobile phones, laptops, etc.). The result is a massive increase in traffic on the network which places a significant strain on resources.

Density has always been an important factor in network design, but it becomes even more critical with 5G. Small cells are key to providing the high throughput and low latency of 5G. The high frequency spectrum used for 5G also requires a higher density of cells due to path loss. Deploying more small cells can be a challenge, however, in terms of site acquisition, power requirements, and logistics.

To address this, telecom companies are turning to software defined networking (SDN) and network function virtualization (NFV). NFV is based on the idea of decoupling networking functions from the underlying hardware, and instead running them as software on commodity hardware. This has several advantages, including improved flexibility, scalability, and resource utilization. NFV is already being used in several applications in 5G networks, such as network slicing, creating intelligence networks at the edge, and multiple radio networks/connections.

Nevertheless, such new techniques require a new operating model which is different and complex from its previous versions and need proper knowledge to develop the architecture that can serve network requirements. For example, for developing an NFV infrastructure for 5G networks, one should have detailed knowledge about server virtualization, networking, storage virtualization, and cloud computing along with good hands-on experience on specifics of telecom domain like EPC/LTE Packet core, IMS, etc.

Luckily, advanced software packages like DASCAD are making it easier for network operators to incorporate network layers into their planning, including optimizing for small cell locations.

Operating Expenses

The transition from 4G to 5G technology is a substantial financial undertaking. One of the main cost centers for 5G is the equipment needed to support it. This includes both the routers and switches that will support the higher bandwidths and densities required by 5G, as well as the new base stations that will be needed to provide coverage.

While the cost of 5G equipment has been declining, there are still other costs associated with operating a 5G network. Configuration work, for example, can be costly as it requires specialized skills and knowledge. Network testing and management also incur costs, as do software updates. In addition, the transition to 5G requires a major investment in new spectrum licenses.

As 5G technology becomes more widespread, these costs are likely to decline as well. However, for now, they represent a significant expense for 5G operators.

Ultra-Low Latency Requirements

5G infrastructure is being built to support a wide range of applications beyond traditional telecom. Some applications that have seen significant attention include the emerging market of devices that require ultra-low latency, meaning they have to operate in real time. This market includes a variety of applications such as augmented reality, virtual reality, and industrial automation. Legacy networks simply cannot handle this speed and volume of data.

There are several technical challenges that need to be addressed to meet these stringent, low latency requirements. For example, CSPs must consider the type of traffic that will be passing through the network, the physical layer infrastructure, and the routing protocols. The networks also need to be built with a higher density of small cell sites and use advanced technologies such as beamforming and massive MIMO.

Tools like iMeasure are growing increasingly sophisticated in response to these challenges. For example, iMeasure now includes new methodologies to precisely measure latency during the network planning process.

Security

5G networks will present new challenges for telecom engineers in terms of both ensuring reliability and performance as well as safeguarding against potential cyber threats.

As mentioned, 5G networks will be highly distributed, with small cell towers located in densely populated areas. This increased density will require new consideration of potential cybersecurity risks. One such risk is the increased scenario of a Denial of Service (DoS) attack, in which malicious actors attempt to overload the network with illegitimate traffic, preventing legitimate users from accessing the network. Another risk is the possibility of data interception, as 5G networks will transmit large amounts of data over short distances.

Another security challenge is that networks will also be distributed in remote areas which creates new risks that also must be considered for proper cybersecurity. Some unique capabilities that need to be taken into account to mitigate this risk include:

  • The ability to manage dynamic changes in the network environment
  • The need for highly granular and real-time visibility into traffic patterns
  • The ability to quickly identify and respond to anomalies

Consideration of potential risks is essential to mitigating these dangers and ensuring the success of 5G technology.

Conclusion

5G is a cutting-edge technology that promises significant benefits for telecom operators and customers alike. However, 5G networks are also very complex, and building them poses several challenges. One of the most significant challenges is the need to deploy a dense network of small cell sites. This places a great deal of strain on construction crews and equipment, and it also increases the risk of service disruptions. Another challenge is keeping operating and maintenance costs low. 5G networks require more frequent updates and monitoring than previous generations of wireless technology, which drives up costs. Finally, 5G networks must meet stringent requirements for latency and security. This is particularly challenging given the increased threat from cyberattacks. Despite these challenges, 5G represents a major opportunity for telecom operators. Proper planning and execution are needed to reap the rewards of this game-changing technology.

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How Wi-Fi Can Offload Cellular Networks in the Era of 5G

The Need for a New Business Model

The mobile telecommunications industry is at a crossroads. For years, mobile operators have relied on a simple business model: build networks and charge customers for access. This model has been remarkably successful, driving spectacular growth in both the number of subscribers and the amount of data they consume. However, as penetration rates increase, the number of new subscribers is beginning to plateau. At the same time, customers are becoming more demanding, expecting faster speeds and more reliable service. As a result, mobile operators are under pressure to upgrade their networks to 5G, the next generation of cellular technology.

The Challenges of Profitable 5G

While the world is on the road to ubiquitous 5G networks and services, carrier Wi-Fi will still play an important role in keeping costs low and ensuring profitability. Yes, we know 5G will enable a wide range of new and innovative services, from IoT to self-driving cars, but the key for service providers will be to keep their network costs under control.

Carrier Wi-Fi can help with this by offloading traffic from the cellular network and providing a cost-effective way to extend coverage. In addition, carrier Wi-Fi can be used to create private or public 5G networks for specific applications, such as industrial or enterprise use cases. By leveraging carrier Wi-Fi, service providers can keep their network costs down while still delivering high-quality 5G services.

5G is Expensive to Deploy

The problem is that there is no guarantee that customers will be willing to pay for the higher speeds and improved performance that it offers. To make matters worse, many countries are lagging in the development of 5G infrastructure, which means that mobile operators may need to bear the brunt of the investment themselves. Given these challenges, the traditional business model is no longer sustainable. Mobile operators will need to find new ways to generate revenue if they want to stay afloat in the 5G era.

Indoor Coverage is a Challenge

One of the biggest 5G challenges is building sufficient indoor coverage. The current cellular frequency doesn’t have the best building penetration and is only going to get worse as we move to the 5G network. On top of that, with the higher frequencies comes higher coupling losses. We’re looking at a -6dB loss for every doubling of frequency, which quickly adds up.

To combat this, mobile operators are turning to beamforming. This technology sends radio signals from the outside in, bypassing much of the interference and path loss that would traditionally slow down or stop the signal. However, beamforming comes with its own set of challenges. Foremost among them is the need for accurate mapping of a building’s interior to place the beams in the right spot. Otherwise, all you’ve done is create a more targeted form of interference. As operators work to overcome these challenges and build a reliable 5G network, indoor coverage will be a key area of focus.

In the past, operators have had to use complex and expensive modeling systems to plan reliable coverage. Technology like DASCAD is making it easier than ever for operators to plan coverage both indoors and outdoors using the same, cost-effective tool.

Wi-Fi Offloading

As indoor data consumption continues to grow, operators will need to find ways to increase capacity and improve coverage. One solution is to densify their base station network, but this is only part of the equation. Indoor coverage will also need to be addressed, and Wi-Fi is the perfect complement to 5G for this purpose. Wi-Fi offloading is a process whereby data traffic is transferred from a cellular network to a wireless LAN.

For example, when cell phone users connect to the internet via their cellular data plan, it can put a strain on the carrier’s network. This can lead to slower speeds and dropped connections, especially during peak hours. Wi-Fi offloading is a technique that allows carriers to reduce the strain on their networks by routing traffic through Wi-Fi hotspots instead.

Tools like DASCAD can help planners better understand how to offload traffic to Wi-Fi by providing traffic studies within the software itself.

But Who Exactly Benefits from this Technology?

For starters, Wi-Fi offloading can be necessary for businesses that rely on the internet to function. For example, many retail stores use Wi-Fi to process transactions and connect to their inventory systems. If the store’s Wi-Fi connection is constantly being overloaded, it can lead to frustrating delays and even lost sales. By offloading some of the data onto a separate network, businesses can keep their systems running smoothly and avoid losing customers.

Similarly, Wi-Fi offloading can also be a great way to improve the user experience for people who live in densely populated areas. If you’ve ever tried to use your phone in a crowded place like a stadium or an airport, you know how frustrating it can be when the network is overloaded. By routing some of the data traffic onto a different network, Wi-Fi offloading can help reduce congestion and improve speeds for everyone.

Three Types: Automatic, Opportunistic, and Aggressive

There are a few different ways that Wi-Fi offloading can be achieved. The most common method is known as “automatic handoff.” This is when a device automatically connects to the strongest signal, whether it be cellular or Wi-Fi. Another method is “opportunistic offloading,” which occurs when a user manually connects to a Wi-Fi network instead of using the cellular connection. Finally, “aggressive offloading” happens when a carrier intentionally routes all traffic through a Wi-Fi network to relieve congestion on the cellular network.

How Do Network Operators Implement Wi-Fi Offloading?

There are several different ways to implement Wi-Fi offloading, but the most common is to use specialized hardware at cellular towers. This hardware detects when a user’s device is in range of a Wi-Fi network and automatically switches the connection to the Wi-Fi network. In some cases, the user may need to enter a password or take other steps to connect to the Wi-Fi network. Once connected, the user’s device will automatically switch back to the cellular network when it is no longer in range of the Wi-Fi network. Wi-Fi offloading can be an effective way for network operators to manage congestion, but it is not without its challenges. One challenge is that not all devices are compatible with Wi-Fi offloading. Another challenge is that switching between networks can sometimes result in a poorer quality connection. As mobile data usage continues to rise, network operators will need to continue to explore new ways to manage congestion on their networks.

Benefits of Using Wi-Fi Offloading

Wi-Fi offloading can:

  • Improve the performance and user experience of cellular networks. When users connect to a Wi-Fi network, they bypass the cellular network and connect directly to the Internet. This can reduce congestion on the cellular network and improve speeds for all users.
  • Save money for both network operators and users. When users connect to a Wi-Fi network, they use data from their data plan rather than from the cellular network. This can save money for network operators by reducing the amount of data that they need to provide, and it can save money for users by reducing their monthly cell phone bill.
  • Improve battery life for both mobile devices and cellular networks. When a user connects to a Wi-Fi network, their mobile device does not need to use as much power to communicate with the cellular network. This can improve battery life for both mobile devices and cellular networks.
  • Improve the coverage of cellular networks. When a user connects to a Wi-Fi network, they can access the Internet from more places than when they are using the cellular network. This can improve the coverage of cellular networks and make it easier for users to stay connected.
  • Improve the security of cellular networks. When a user connects to a Wi-Fi network, their traffic is encrypted and is not subject to the same security risks as when it is transmitted over the cellular network. This can improve the security of cellular networks and protect users from potential threats.

Complications and Downsides

If you are considering implementing Wi-Fi offloading in your network, there are a few things that you need to keep in mind.

  • Offloading can increase the amount of traffic on your Wi-Fi network, which may require you to upgrade your equipment or increase the number of access points.
  • Users need to be aware of how to connect to a Wi-Fi network to take advantage of the benefits of offloading.
  • Your network needs to be configured properly to allow Wi-Fi offloading.
  • You need to have a plan in place to monitor and troubleshoot any problems that may occur with Wi-Fi offloading. You may need to have a dedicated team in place to handle any issues that may arise.

But Won’t 5G Make Wi-Fi Obsolete?

As the rollout of 5G technology continues, many people are wondering how it will impact their Wi-Fi connection. Will 5G make Wi-Fi obsolete? Actually, the opposite is true — 5G will complement Wi-Fi and provide a boost to speed, capacity, and quality. Here’s how.

The latest Wi-Fi technology, Wi-Fi 6, has significantly increased connectivity speed and capacity over traditional Wi-Fi networks. The higher speeds and reduced latency of the new technology will enable new applications and experiences, such as augmented reality and virtual reality. In addition, it is better equipped to handle the increasing demand for data-intensive applications, such as 4K video streaming and cloud gaming. The increased capacity will also be beneficial for the growing IoT market by providing a more reliable and efficient way to connect devices,

The Share of Offload Traffic Will Continue to Increase

It’s no surprise that device data consumption continues to rise, especially due to the increased demand for video streaming and collaborative work applications, such as virtual meetings. In fact, research suggests that offloading is a global trend. The main reason for this is simple: capacity. Carriers have a finite amount of spectrum available to them and there is only so much that can be done to use it more efficiently. MIMO (multiple input, multiple output, a technology for optimizing wireless data transmission by using two or more antennas) and carrier aggregation can help, but the reality is that there are limits to what these technologies can do in terms of boosting spectral efficiency. So, while 5G will bring higher speeds and lower latency, it will also bring with it an ever-increasing need to offload traffic onto Wi-Fi networks.

Conclusion

The Wi-Fi offloading trend has profound implications for service providers everywhere. First, it means that they need to have a robust Wi-Fi strategy in place. Second, it means that they need to start thinking about how best to monetize their Wi-Fi networks as they become an increasingly important part of their overall business. And third, it means that they need to start working more closely with the vendors who provide them with access points and other Wi-Fi equipment. In short, carrier Wi-Fi is inevitable and service providers need to be prepared for it.

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Will 5G Kill You?

5G technology is the next generation of wireless technology that will allow for faster data speeds and more reliable connections. However, there are many concerns about the potential health risks associated with 5G technology and a lot of talk about its potential dangers. What is 5G, really? How does it work? Is it dangerous? Should we be worried? In this article, we’ll take a closer look at 5G technology and dispel some of the myths circulating around it.

What is 5G?

Let’s start with some definitions. The “G” in 5G simply stands for generation. The “5” refers to the fact that it is the fifth generation of mobile networks. 5G is a completely new network design that provides faster speeds and lower latency than previous generations. 5G uses several new technologies to achieve these speeds, including millimeter wave bands and beamforming. With speeds up to 100 times faster than 4G, 5G is set to revolutionize the mobile landscape. In addition to providing faster speeds, 5G will also enable new applications and services that were impossible with previous generations. For example, 5G will enable ultra-high-definition video streaming and virtual reality experiences. It is also expected to provide a major boost to the Internet of Things (IoT).

Why Are People Worried?

  • Radiation: Some people are concerned about potential health risks because 5G uses higher frequency waves than previous generations of wireless technology, which they believe means we will be exposed to higher levels of radiation.
  • Too New to Know: Others argue that we don’t yet know all the potential health risks associated with 5G technology, as it is still new.
  • Privacy and Security: There are also concerns about privacy and data security because 5G allows for more data to be collected and transmitted wirelessly.

Fears About Technology Are Not New

In the 1970s, power lines were believed to be emitting low-frequency electromagnetic fields that were dangerous to human health. A study in 1979 suggested that children who developed cancer were more likely to live near power lines. Cold War paranoia about radiation led to concerns about televisions and microwave ovens. Later, other household appliances, including hair dryers and electric blankets, became a possible human health catastrophe.

Today, we know that these fears were largely unfounded and debunked by scientific research. Nevertheless, the memory of those anxious years lingers on. And it’s not just nostalgia for an era of orange shag rugs and disco balls. It’s also a reminder of how our perception of risk can be shaped by cultural forces beyond our control — and how difficult it can be to see clearly through the lens of fear. Often when we don’t understand something, we can become afraid of it. That seems true about 5G. So, let’s address each one of those concerns, starting with higher frequencies and the concerns about radiation.

Higher Frequencies and Radiation

The frequencies used by 5G are like those used by other wireless technologies, such as WiFi and Bluetooth. In addition, 5G systems use beamforming to direct signals directly to devices, rather than broadcasting them indiscriminately. As a result, exposure to 5G radiation will be lower than exposure to other types of electromagnetic radiation.

But what is electromagnetic radiation, anyway? The very word radiation conjures up ideas about cancer, doesn’t it? But radiation is simply energy that is emitted from something. It is a natural part of our existence and can be found everywhere in the universe. Even our bodies emit radiation. RF radiation is just another name for radio waves. A radio wave, in general, can either be ionizing or non-ionizing.

Ionizing radiation is radiation that has the potential to cause damage to living cells. This type of radiation includes high-energy X-rays, gamma rays, and beta particles. When ionizing radiation comes into contact with the body, it can remove electrons from atoms, resulting in the formation of ions. This can cause damage to DNA, which can lead to cancer.

Non-ionizing radiation, on the other hand, does not have the same level of energy as ionizing radiation. Examples of non-ionizing radiation include microwaves, visible light, and radio waves. Scientific research shows that RF radiation is not harmful to human health. The radiation that cell phones give off is at the low-energy end of the electromagnetic spectrum, is non-ionizing, and is therefore not considered dangerous.

In addition, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has established safety limits for RF exposure that are significantly below levels that would pose any known health risks. As a result, there is no reason to believe that RF radiation from cell phones is unsafe.

How can we be sure of this or trust the research? The best evidence we have that non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation does not cause things like brain cancer is that there has not been an epidemic of brain cancer over the last few decades. In the United States, the rate of new brain cancer cases was lower in 2017 than it was in 1992. This is despite the fact that Americans have been placing antennae on their bodies and next to their heads almost 24 hours a day for two decades.

Is It Still Too Early to Tell?

While 5G technology is often portrayed as something brand new, the truth is that the frequencies being used have a long history of safe use. In fact, these frequencies have been used for everything, from broadcast television to mobile phones, for decades. The key difference with 5G is simply that it makes use of a wider range of frequencies than previous generations of wireless technology. This gives 5G a much higher capacity for data transmission, but it does not make it any less safe. In fact, the safety of 5G has been thoroughly tested by leading scientific organizations around the world. So while 5G might be new to some people, the underlying technology is anything but untested.

More Details, Please

5G is made possible by a millimeter wave (mmWave) network. MmWave networks are high-speed wireless networks that operate in the millimeter wave portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. These waves are shorter and higher frequency than current cellular networks, which means they can carry more data at faster speeds.

They have been in use for years by the military and other organizations that need to transmit large amounts of data quickly and securely. However, mmWave networks have also been historically difficult to deploy because of their limited range and susceptibility to interference. Recent advances in Mmwave technology have made it possible to overcome these challenges.

The key breakthrough that has made 5G possible is the development of highly efficient beam-forming antennae. These antennae can direct millimeter waves very precisely, making it possible to build a mmWave network that covers a wide area with a limited number of base stations.

What About Security and Privacy?

Some people worry that 5G networks will be more vulnerable to hacking and that the data transmitted over them will be less secure. However, 5G networks are actually more secure than previous generations of wireless technology because they use encryption and other security measures to protect data. In addition, 5G networks are designed to be more resilient to interference and disruptions, making them less likely to be impacted by malicious attacks.

In fact, one of 5G’s vulnerabilities is related to 3G and 4G because they are less secure. Researchers have found that some flaws in the 5G protocol can be exploited to carry out “downgrade” attacks. This type of attack occurs when a hacker manipulates a target’s phone connection so that it is forced to downgrade to 3G or 4G service. Once the connection has been downgraded, the hacker can then exploit unresolved flaws in those older networks to carry out attacks. However, it is important to note that such attacks would require a high level of technical expertise and would likely be targeted rather than general. In other words, the average person does not need to be concerned about their phone being hacked in this way.

Conclusion

5G technology is:

  • Not dangerous. It uses radio waves that have frequencies in the same range as those used by other technologies like cell phones, FM radios, and TV signals.
  • More reliable because it has a larger bandwidth. This means that there will be less congestion and fewer dropped calls.
  • Much faster than current technology, allowing users to download and upload large files rapidly.
  • More efficient than earlier generations of cellular technology, requiring less power to transmit data.
  • Designed with the Internet of Things (IoT) in mind and will be able to handle the ever-growing number of connected devices without issue.
  • More secure, thanks to its robust encryption protocol.

So, although 5G has been met with some skepticism, there is no evidence that it is dangerous to human health. 5G technology has been rigorously tested and meets all safety standards. Additionally, 5G offers many advantages over previous generations of wireless technology. All these improvements will result in a more seamless and enjoyable experience for users connected to the internet.

For more information on what federal agencies are doing to determine whether RFR used in cellphones may affect human health, visit the following websites:

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5 Reasons to Consider a Private LTE Network for Your Business

Private LTE networks have become increasingly popular in recent years, offering several advantages over traditional public LTE networks. Perhaps the most significant benefit of private LTE is that users have complete control over the network coverage, which means they can tailor the network to their specific needs. In addition, private LTE networks support a wide range of devices and applications and provide an SLA (service level agreement) that guarantees certain levels of connectivity and performance. In the ever-changing and advancing technological world, businesses must stay ahead of the curve. A private LTE network can help your business do just that.

Here are 5 reasons to consider a private LTE network for your business:

  1. Increased Efficiency: Employees can communicate and collaborate more efficiently, fostering a more productive work environment.
  2. Enhanced Security: These features can help to safeguard your business data and communications from unauthorized access.
  3. Increased Mobility: Employees can access vital business information from anywhere with an internet connection.
  4. Lower Costs: A private LTE network can be more cost-effective than traditional methods of communication, such as landlines or cell phones.
  5. Tailored Solutions: A private LTE network can be customized to meet the specific needs of your business. This means you can choose the coverage area, bandwidth, and other most important features.

This blog will look at each of these reasons in a little more detail. But first, let’s set the stage with some definitions, discuss who can build them, and provide a few use cases.

About Private LTE Networks

What Are They?

LTE, or Long-Term Evolution, is a wireless communication standard that offers high-speed data connectivity. Mobile phone carriers typically use LTE networks to provide customer data services. However, private LTE networks are becoming increasingly popular as well. Private LTE networks are owned and operated by entities other than mobile phone carriers, such as businesses and organizations.

These networks offer many of the same benefits as traditional LTE networks, including high-speed data connectivity and coverage over a wide area. However, private LTE networks can be customized to meet the specific needs of the entity that owns them. For example, a business may choose to deploy a private LTE network to improve its internal communications. Alternatively, an organization may use a private LTE network to connect its members in rural areas where traditional cellular coverage is unavailable.

Who Can Build Them?

Private LTE and 5G networks can be built by various organizations, including large enterprises, critical infrastructure operators, and small and medium-sized businesses.

  • Large enterprises may build private networks for various reasons, such as improving communications for their workforce or connecting their branch offices.
  • Critical infrastructure operators may build private networks to ensure reliable and secure communications for their facilities.
  • Small and medium-sized businesses may build private networks to provide better customer or employee coverage.

Private LTE and 5G networks can be deployed using various technologies, including wireless routers, base stations, and small cells. They can be built using both licensed and unlicensed spectrum. A licensed spectrum is a spectrum that is assigned to a specific operator by a government regulator, while an unlicensed spectrum is a spectrum that is available for any operator to use.

A Few Use Cases

Private LTE networks can be deployed in various settings, including enterprise campuses, critical infrastructure facilities, and smart cities. In each case, the goal is to provide a more reliable and secure connection than what is available on the public network.

These networks are often used in mission-critical applications where failure is not an option. For example, many first responders use private LTE networks to communicate during emergencies. They are typically built using commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) equipment, which makes them more flexible and easier to deploy than traditional cellular networks.

Additional Examples:

  • Hospitals can use private LTE to connect medical devices and share data between doctors and nurses.
  • Retail stores can use private LTE to process payments and track inventory in real time.
  • Factories can use private LTE to monitor production lines and prevent downtime.

Private LTE can also be used to create city-wide Wi-Fi networks, providing high-speed internet access for residents and visitors alike. In short, Private LTE is a versatile technology that can be used to solve a wide range of challenges.

The Top Five Reasons to Consider a Private LTE Network

1. Efficiency

A private LTE network is designed for use by businesses and other organizations that need a secure and reliable way to communicate. It can connect devices such as laptops, smartphones, and tablets to the Internet. It can also be used to connect devices to each other, such as for file sharing or video conferencing. It provides many benefits over a traditional cellular network, including increased speed, capacity, and reliability. In addition, a private LTE network can be easily customized to an organization’s specific needs. For example, an organization can choose to allow only certain types of traffic on its network or prioritize certain types over others. And it can be managed and monitored by the organization itself. This allows the organization to ensure that the network is always running at peak efficiency.

2. Enhanced Security

A private LTE network can help to enhance security in several ways, including the following:

  • By using a private network, enterprises can avoid using the shared infrastructure of a public LTE network. This helps reduce the risk of third parties intercepting or compromising sensitive data.
  • It can be configured to support end-to-end encryption, which helps to ensure that data is protected while in transit.
  • A private network can be better monitored and controlled than a public network, making it easier to identify and resolve potential security issues. As a result, a private LTE network can be an effective way to improve security for an enterprise.

3. Increase Mobility

One of the key benefits of LTE is its ability to support mobility. Unlike earlier generations of wireless networks, LTE was designed from the ground up to support mobile devices. This means that LTE networks can provide a consistent and high-quality experience for users even when they are moving at high speeds, such as when traveling on a bus or train. As a result, private LTE networks can significantly increase mobility for businesses and organizations that need to keep their employees connected while on the move and for organizations that need to stay connected in challenging environments.

For example, private LTE networks can increase mobility by providing coverage in areas where there is no public mobile phone coverage or by providing additional capacity to support high-density user scenarios, such as conventions, festivals, or sporting events. Private LTE networks can also be used to provide critical communications in emergency situations where public mobile phone networks may be overloaded or unavailable.

4. Lower Costs

A private LTE network is a great way to lower costs for your business by doing the following:

  • Reducing the need for leased lines or other forms of dedicated connectivity.
  • Enabling the use of unlicensed spectrum is typically less expensive than licensed spectrum.
  • Allowing for the sharing of infrastructure between multiple users, which can help to reduce the overall cost of ownership.
  • Provide a more efficient way to use bandwidth and other resources.

Overall, a private LTE network can be an excellent way to lower costs while still providing high-quality connectivity, improved security, and reliability.

5. Tailored Solution

A private LTE network is a bespoke, end-to-end solution designed to meet an enterprise customer’s specific requirements. Unlike a public LTE network, which many users share, a private LTE network is dedicated to a single customer. This allows for high customization and control, making it possible to tailor the network to the enterprise’s specific needs.

For example, a private LTE network can be:

  • Configured to prioritize certain types of traffic, such as voice or video, and can be designed to support a wide range of applications and devices.
  • Integrated with other enterprise systems, such as security and access control systems.
  • Designed to cover a small geographic area, such as a factory floor or a campus.

This makes private LTE networks ideal for organizations that need high-speed connectivity but do not have the resources to deploy a traditional LTE network.

As a result, a private LTE network provides an enterprise with a highly flexible and scalable solution that can meet their specific needs.

Is It Right for Your Business?

If you’re thinking about investing in a private LTE network or a private 5G network for your business, there are a few things you should keep in mind.

  • First, determine whether you need a wide or local area network. A private LTE network will typically cover a large area, while a private 5G network will have a more limited range.
  • Next, consider the amount of traffic your business will likely generate. If you have high data demands, you’ll need a network that can handle those demands.
  • Finally, consider what kind of applications you’ll use on your network. Private LTE and 5G networks can support various applications, so make sure the network you select is compatible with the applications you need.

Considering these factors and the top five benefits, you can choose the right private LTE or 5G network for your business.

Have questions? Contact Us.

Contact ATEC Wireless to learn how we can help your organization design, plan and deploy the right private network that suits your specific needs.

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The Hidden Benefits of 5G Technology

5G technology is the fifth generation of wireless network technologies. It promises faster speeds, lower latency, and more reliable connections than previous generations. 5G networks are also designed to be more flexible and scalable than previous generations, making it easier for service providers to offer new services and applications. 5G is likely to have a major impact on the way we live, work, and play.

When most people think about 5G technology, they probably think of things like faster download speeds and better call quality. However, there are many hidden benefits of 5G technology that are already coming to light.

A few obvious benefits

Some of the potential benefits of 5G technology that you may already know include:

  • Improved network efficiency
  • More reliable connections
  • Faster speeds
  • Lower latency
  • Increased capacity
  • Better coverage
  • Reduced power consumption.

How will all this affect you? Faster data speeds, for example, will allow for more seamless streaming of video and audio content, as well as faster downloads of apps and updates. This will also make it easier to access information and services online. Increased traffic capacity will allow more people to use the network at the same time without experiencing slowdown or interruption. Ultra-low latency will make it possible for devices to communicate with each other in real-time, which is necessary for applications such as autonomous vehicles and smart transportation systems. High connection density will allow devices to connect with each other more easily, which is important for developing smart city applications that rely on machine-to-machine communication. And that’s just the beginning.

The hidden or unexpected benefits

5G will also enable new business opportunities in a variety of industries, such as healthcare, manufacturing, automotive, and retail. For example, 5G could enable remote surgery, real-time monitoring of factories, autonomous vehicles, and even smart cities.

Connecting people in remote areas

In many parts of the world, people who live in rural or remote areas are cut off from essential services like education and healthcare because of a lack of reliable connectivity. But what if there were a way to connect these people without expensive infrastructure? That’s where 5G comes in. 5G is the next generation of wireless technology, and it has the potential to revolutionize connectivity in rural areas. With speeds up to 100 times faster than 4G, 5G could provide a much-needed boost to education and healthcare services in remote areas. In addition, 5G technology can be used to connect devices like sensors and cameras, which can be used to monitor crops or track wildlife. By harnessing the power of 5G, we can help bring essential services to people who need them the most.

Enhancing education

5G has the potential to revolutionize the way we learn. With 5G, students will be able to download educational materials at lightning-fast speeds, stream high-definition video content without buffering, and connect to virtual classrooms from anywhere in the world. In addition, 5G will enable new immersive learning experiences, such as augmented reality and virtual reality. As 5G technology becomes more widespread, it has the potential to transform education as we know it — making it more accessible, engaging, and effective.

Improving healthcare

The healthcare industry is already embracing the power of technology to improve patient care, and the next generation of wireless technology, 5G, could take this even further. 5G’s extremely fast speeds and low latency could be used to transmit large amounts of data quickly and efficiently. This could be invaluable for applications such as telemedicine, where real-time data transmission is critical. In addition, 5G could enable new types of medical devices that are more portable and can be worn or implanted for long periods of time. This would allow patients to receive constant monitoring and care without having to be tethered to a hospital bed. With the advent of 5G, healthcare is likely to become more connected, efficient, and effective than ever before.

Driving economic growth

A report by IHS Markit, “The 5G economy: How 5G technology will contribute to the global economy,” found that 5G could have a significant impact on the economy, potentially driving $12.3 trillion in global economic activity by 2035. Three significant ways that 5G could spur economic growth include‌: enabling new products and services, improving productivity, and stimulating investment.

5G has the potential to enable entirely new types of products and services that we cannot even imagine today. For example, 5G could enable real-time translation services or holographic conferencing. It could also enable new developments in the Internet of Things, as well as new forms of Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality. In addition, 5G could improve productivity by enabling businesses to operate more efficiently. For example, it could allow for more mobile working, flexible manufacturing, and just-in-time inventory management. Finally, 5G is likely to stimulate investment in both the public and private sectors. For example, it could lead to more investment in infrastructure and R&D, as well as encourage businesses to invest in 5G-enabled products and services.

Building smarter cities

As cities continue to grow, so does the need for more efficient infrastructure. 5G technology has the potential to revolutionize the way cities are built and managed, making them more connected, responsive, and sustainable. One of the most promising applications of 5G is its ability to support the development of smart buildings. By connecting buildings to a centralized network, 5G can enable real-time monitoring of energy use, water consumption, and other environmental factors. This data can then be analyzed to identify efficiency improvements and help reduce the environmental impact of city infrastructure. In addition, 5G can also be used to connect city residents with services and information in real time. For example, residents could use a smartphone app to report a pothole or request a ride share. This would not only improve the quality of life for city residents but also make city management more efficient and responsive. As cities continue to grow, 5G technology will become increasingly important in building smarter, more sustainable cities.

Addressing Climate Change

5G technology can also help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat climate change. In fact, 5G is projected to make a 20% contribution toward US carbon emission reduction targets by 2025, according to a new Accenture study commissioned by CTIA, the wireless industry association. The report, titled 5G Connectivity: A Key Enabling Technology to Meet America’s Climate Change Goals, finds that use cases on 5G networks could reduce up to 330.8 million metric tons of carbon dioxide by 2025. That is comparable to removing 26% of all the passenger vehicles from U.S. roads for one year — roughly 72 million vehicles.

Conclusion

5G technology is set to usher in a new era of connectivity and bring about untold benefits for people around the globe. From unlocking greater human potential to driving economic prosperity, 5G has the potential to improve the lives of people and industries everywhere. With so much at stake, it’s important that we work together to ensure that this transformative technology reaches its full potential.

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